The most popular form of online communication is e-mail, which is why fake e-mails are unfortunately quite common too. Fake e-mails are unwanted e-mails with maliciously false or misleading information. For example, malware is often hidden in the attachments of these fake e-mails.
In order not to fall for these fake e-mails, it is important to stay alert. For example, e-mails that promise you a big win or ask you to reveal confidential information should always be treated with caution. The same applies to emails with irritating words as subject matter such as “Your bank account has been blocked” or with an unusually high number of grammar or spelling mistakes.
Particular care should be taken with so-called pishing mails, where fake emails are used to try to obtain passwords. In order to reduce the risk of online communication, it makes sense to save suspicious e-mail attachments first and to scan them with a virus program.
There is also the risk of infecting your computer with malware or being forwarded to pishing sites by carelessly clicking on links or opening files when communicating in forums or chat rooms. False identities or unwanted co-reading of messages are further dangers that must be taken into account.
It is therefore particularly important to read the data protection regulations of online communication providers carefully and never disclose personal or sensitive data in chats or forums.
This also applies when using social networks. Be aware that especially in social networks there is the danger of being misled by false identities or by the conscious or unconscious dissemination of false information. If you detect misuse or misconduct on social networks, you can and should report it to the service provider and appropriate authorities or organizations.