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Using computer technology, information systems and information technology and their integration into almost all sectors of human activity is a phenomenon of nowadays. There is almost no area of ​​human activity, where information or communication technology is not used.

Unfortunately, as technological progress is on the rise, there is a bigger possibility of crime. Crime can be committed in many ways, the most commonly committed cybercrimes include:

  • Malware – general label for malicious software that spreads between computers and interferes with computer operations
  • Hacking – common process which results in the breaching of one’s privacy and confidential information
  • Spam – unsolicited or junk email typically sent in bulk to countless recipients around the world
  • Phishing – spam emails, or other forms of communication, are sent en masse, with the intention of tricking recipients into doing something that undermines their security or the security of the organization they work for
  • Distributed DoS attacks (DDoS) – attack overwhelms a system by using one of the standard communication protocols it uses to spam the system with connection requests

However, hacking is not always perceived as theft and used for productive causes. Such type of hacking that involves good intentions is known as ethical hacking. This type of hacking is done to secure the operating system.

The most frequently committed cybercrimes include:

  • Online impersonation – use another person’s name, domain address, phone number or any other identifying information without consent
  • Cyberstalking – obsession with finding out as much you can about the person
  • Cyberbullying – saying hurtful things to the person or telling others untrue information about the person
  • Identity theft – stealing personal identification information to commit illegal acts
  • Data theft – illegal possession of sensitive data, which includes unencrypted credit card information stored in businesses
  • Financial crimes – covering the following: fraud, money laundering, bribery, bribery and corruption and many others

The impacts of cybercrime can be devastating due to the damage to reputation, high risk of data loss and financial impact for:

  • Children
  • Adults
  • Companies
  • States/governments

The cybercrime can have not only financial, but also dishonest impact on individuals or companies. Businesses as well as healthcare organizations and governments can also suffer from sensitive data loss, huge financial burdens, and brand damage.

The huge planned actions of cybercrime should be named as cyberterrorism or even cyberwar. Cyberterrorism is always more severe than other behaviors that are carried out in or through cyberspace. Cyberattack using or exploiting computer or communication networks to cause sufficient destruction or disruption to generate fear or to intimidate a society into an ideological goal.

Cyberwar involves the use and targeting of computers and networks in war. It involves offensive and defensive operations about the threat of cyberattacks, espionage and sabotage.

An important tool in the fight against cybercrimes is prevention and enlightenment. Finally, computer literacy is important as an essential element in preventing the use of information and communication technologies. We should prepare not only children, but also adults and companies for the dangers of cyberspace and try to provide them with the required knowledge to safely use information technologies.

For online security, five key points are good to keep in the mind: Precaution, Prevention, Protection, Preservation and Perseverance.

These points are included in the following steps:

  1. Avoid disclosing personal information on Internet and emails
  2. Carefully consider sending any photograph online, – anyone can use it anytime in the another context
  3. Use strong passwords
  4. Use and update antivirus software
  5. Avoid sending credit card number and its passwords by email
  6. Keep a watch on the sites that your children are accessing and use the parental control tools
  7. Keep back up of your data to prevent loss of information due to virus attack
  8. Use a security program that gives control over the cookies
  9. Keep software and operating system updated
  10. Never open attachments in spam emails
  11. Do not click on links in spam emails or untrusted websites
  12. Contact companies directly about suspicious request
  13. Keep an eye on your bank statements
  14. Be mindful of which websites you visit

How can I recognize the safe websites?

1 – Website safety visual checks

2 – Website safety tools

3 – Website safety quick research

The internet is teeming with phishing scams. No brand is safe from being falsified, and no user is safe from being targeted. More than ever before, we need to take responsibility for our own online safety. Follow the tips above and stay smart. You have received all the info you need, but your greatest defender is you.

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